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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 19(6); 2008 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2008;19(6): 627-631.
Comparison of Instructional Methods for Teaching Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation to School Children: CPR Anytime(R) and Little Anne(R)
Sung Pil Chung, Junho Cho, Yoo Seok Park, Euichung Kim, Chan Woong Kim, Kyeong Ryong Lee, Mi Jin Lee, Hoon Lim, Wen Joen Chang, Jin Hee Lee
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea. emstar@yuhs.ac
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Bundang Cha Hospital, Korea.
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Korea.
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Konkuk University, Korea.
5Department of Emergency Medicine, Konyang University, Korea.
6Department of Emergency Medicine, Suncheonhyang University, Korea.
7Department of Emergency Medicine, Sungae Hospital, Korea.
8Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Korea.
We compared the effectiveness of CPR Anytime(R) and Little Anne(R) for instructing schoolchildren in CPR.
We gave CPR instructions to 774 school children (24 classes) from the fifth to the eighth grade in 12 schools. We randomly selected two classes of the same grade from each school. Each class was given two hours of CPR instruction using either the Korean version of CPR Anytime(R) or Little Anne(R). The number of CPR Anytime(R) per student was 1:1 and Little Anne(R) was 1:6. The lesson consisted of didactic lecture, skill practice, and skill test. We compared the skill performance of students according to the instruction method.
Three hundred ninety-seven (51%) students were taught using CPR Anytime(R) and 377 (49%) with Little Anne (R). There was no difference in the compression depth, hand position, adequacy of chest recoil, volume of ventilation, self-confidence, and willingness to do CPR between the two instructional methods. The average compression depth was less than 40~50 mm. Elementary school students showed more confidence and willingness to do CPR than middle school students.
There was no difference in CPR skill performance after instruction using either Anytime CPR(R) or Little Anne(R).
Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Education
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