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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 34(3); 2023 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2023;34(3): 189-199.
병원 내 심폐소생술 시 아이겔의 고정방법에 따른 환기량의 차이 비교: 시뮬레이션 마네킹을 이용한 연구
이강이1 , 신상열2 , 황 용3 , 최정우3
1원광대학교병원 응급의학과
2호원대학교 응급구조학과
3원광대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
Comparison of differences in ventilation volume according to fixation method of I-gel during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in hospital: a study using a simulation manikin
Kang Lee Kang Lee1 , Sang Yol Sang Yol2 , Yong Hwang3 , Jeong Woo Choi3
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea
2Department of Emergency Medical Service, Howon University, Gunsan, Korea
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea
Correspondence  Jeong Woo Choi ,Tel: 063-859-1175, Fax: 063-859-1175, Email: dream-02@daum.net,
Received: July 15, 2022; Revised: September 15, 2022   Accepted: October 4, 2022.  Published online: June 30, 2023.
ABSTRACT
Objective:
The I-gel device and endotracheal tube are used for advanced airway management during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study compares differences in the ventilation volume according to the fixation methods (tape and band) of I-gel using a simulation manikin.
Method:
I-gel was placed in an advanced life support simulator and fixed with either tape or band fixation, and an endotracheal tube was inserted using an endotracheal tube holder (AnchorFast). CPR was performed according to the 2020 Korean CPR guidelines, using a mechanical chest compression device (LUCAS) and an adult bag. CPR was performed for 30 minutes. Positional shifts of the I-gel and endotracheal tube and differences in the ventilation volume on the simulation manikin were subsequently measured. Five trials were carried out in each setting. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 27.0. A P-value <0.05 is considered significant.
Results:
The following positional shifts were obtained after 30 minutes of CPR: I-gel tape fixation, 4.96±0.72 mm; I-gel band fixation, no change; endotracheal tube holder, no change. The mean ventilation volumes obtained were 504.43± 14.42, 536.86±5.56, and 528.38±8.81 mL, respectively.
Conclusion:
Our results indicate that the use of I-gel is as effective as an endotracheal tube for initial airway maintenance during CPR in the hospital. We recommend using an elastic band-type fixation device for the fixation method.
Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Airway management; Advanced cardiac life support; Laryngeal masks
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