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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 33(4 Suppl.); 2022 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2022;33(4 Suppl.): 11-19.
응급의학과 전문의 총조사 자료를 이용한 응급의학과 의사의 남녀 차이
배경수1 , 박경혜1,2 , 강지훈3 , 기동훈4 , 김인병5 , 김홍재6 , 박송이7 , 서범석8 , 여인환9 , 윤유상3,10 , 이미진9 , 이의선11 , 이형민12 , 임대성13 , 정우진1 , 조광현14 , 주영민15 , 지창근16 , 최석재17 , 한재헌18
1연세대학교 원주세브란스기독병원 응급의학과
2연세대학교 원주의과대학 의학교육학과
3인제대학교 부산백병원 응급의학과
4가톨릭대학교 여의도성모병원 응급의학과
5명지병원 응급의학과
6KS병원 응급의학과
7동아대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
8순천향대학교 서울병원 응급의학과
9경북대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
10인제대학교 인문의학연구소
11울산대학교 의과대학 예방의학과
12경희대학교병원 응급의학과
13창원경상대학교병원 응급의학과
14을지대학교 노원을지병원 응급의학과
15고려대학교 구로병원 응급의학과
16여수전남병원 응급의학과
17화홍병원 응급의학과
18연세대학교 대학원 의학통계학과
Exploring sex differences in Korean emergency physicians using nationwide survey
Kyung Su Bae1 , Kyung Hye Park1,2 , Ji Hun Kang3 , Donghune Key4 , In Byung Kim5 , Hong-jae Kim6 , Song Yi Park7 , Beom Sok Seo8 , In Hwan Yeo9 , Yoo Sang Yoon3,10 , Mi Jin Lee9 , Eu Sun Lee11 , Hyung Min Lee12 , Daesung Lim13 , Woo Jin Jung1 , Kwang Hyun Cho14 , Youngmin Joo15 , Chang Gun Jee16 , Suk Jae Choi17 , JaeHun Han18
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju, Korea
2Department of Medical Education, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Yeouido St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
5Department of Emergency Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea
6Department of Emergency Medicine, KS Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
7Department of Emergency Medicine, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea
8Department of Emergency Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea
9Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
10The Institute for Medical Humanities, Inje University, Busan, Korea
11Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
12Department of Emergency Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
13Department of Emergency Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, Korea
14Department of Emergency Medicine, Nowon Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
15Department of Emergency Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea
16Department of Emergency Medicine, Yeosu Jeonnam Hospital, Yeosu, Korea
17Department of Emergency Medicine, Hwahong Hospital, Suwon, Korea
18Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea
Correspondence  Kyung Hye Park ,Tel: 033-741-0242, Fax: 033-742-5034, Email: erdoc74@gmail.com,
Received: June 1, 2021; Revised: September 26, 2021   Accepted: September 28, 2021.  Published online: August 31, 2022.
In this study, we compared differences based on the gender of Korean emergency physicians to provide basic data for future emergency medicine development plans.
We used data from the emergency physician survey (2020) conducted by the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine. A total of 1,303 emergency physicians responded to the survey. We adjusted demographic data relating to age, position, and work duration as an emergency physician, which could affect the differences based on gender. After propensity score matching, we compared working hours, work burden, income, motives for applying for emergency medicine, and future plans of the emergency physicians by sex.
The total working hours per month and night shifts per month were higher in men compared to the women. The women felt more pressure in the following areas: number of emergency patients, relationships with administrative agencies, insufficient emergency medical technician manpower, patients’ compliance, and relationships with other emergency physicians. Monthly income was higher in men. Women placed a higher value on ‘Acquiring a range of knowledge’ and ‘Degree of interest in working in the emergency room’ than men as motivation for applying for positions in emergency medicine. Regarding future plans, women placed less value on income and more on having enough free time and avoiding burnout. The retirement age was about 3 years lower for women than for men.
This study revealed gender differences in working hours, income, motivation for applying for emergency medicine, work burden, and future plans. It is expected that these differences are caused by physical limitations and socio-cultural backgrounds. It is recommended that more detailed investigations be carried out through qualitative research. These results could help in gender considerations while hiring emergency physicians.
Key words: Emergency medicine; Republic of Korea; Sex differences; Sex characteristics; Female
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