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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 27(2); 2016 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2016;27(2): 150-156.
응급의학과 전문의의 공감 능력과 삶의 질
서정우1, 박경혜1, 박하영1, 선경훈1, 박송이1, 김태훈2, 노혜린3, 조준호4
1인제대학교 해운대백병원 응급의학과
2인제대학교 부산백병원 응급의학과
3인제대학교 의과대학 의학교육학교실
4연세대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
Empathy and Quality of Life in Korean Emergency Physicians
Jung Woo Seo1, Kyung Hye Park1, Ha Young Park1, Kyung Hoon Sun1, Song Yi Park1, Tae Hoon Kim2, HyeRin Roh3, Junho Cho4
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea
3Inje University College of Medicine, Medical Education, Busan, Korea
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Kyung Hye Park ,Tel: 051) 797-0172, Fax: 051) 797-0034, Email: erdoc74@gmail.com,
Received: October 28, 2015; Revised: October 29, 2015   Accepted: December 28, 2015.  Published online: April 30, 2016.
Empathy in medical practice is related to medical communication and clinical competence. In previous studies, low quality of life and other factors play an integral role in low empathy among physicians. We evaluated the relationships between empathy, quality of life, and other factors among Korean emergency physicians.
The survey was conducted using email to emergency physicians. The respondents completed a questionnaire including demographic information, the Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and the Brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument. Correlation analyses were performed, along with sub-analyses according to gender.
A total of 180 questionnaires were analyzed. The median value of the empathy scale was 89.0, and quality of life 64.8. Empathy was positively correlated with quality of life, age, and work experience as a specialist in total samples and males. Only work experience as a specialist showed correlation with empathy in females. Quality of life showed no association with age, work experience, and work load. However, quality of life showed negative correlation with age and work experience in female physicians.
The more experienced specialist emergency physicians are, and the better quality of life they have, the higher level of empathy scale they have. Therefore, good quality of life could lead to good empathy, and vice versa. Good quality of life and good empathy could lead to the better outcome in emergency care. However, because the female physicians show different patterns of empathy and quality of life, further study is needed.
Key words: Empathy, Quality of life, Emergency physician
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