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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 16(1); 2005 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2005;16(1): 83-92.
A Pilot Study for beta-fibrinogen G/A-455 Polymorphism in Ischemic Stroke Patients
Seong Gwan Lim, Han Sung Choi, Hoon Pyo Hong, Myung Chun Kim, Young Gwan Ko
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. edkmc@chol.com
The aim of this pilot study was to determine the relationship between the beta-fibrinogen G/A-455 single nucleotide polymorphism and the risk of ischemic stroke in Korea because there are racial differences in polymorphisms and Koreans have never been studied before.
From March to September 2003, we compared 80(male : female=1.2 : 0.8) patients who were diagnosed with ischemic stroke at Kyung Hee university hospital emergency center had been to 150 control subjects. The genotypes of the beta-fibrinogen G/A-455 polymorphism were confirmed by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by HaeIII restriction enzyme digestion.
The results showed that the patient group had a much higher rate of heterozygotism (GA or AG). A statistical analysis of the genotype frequency showed chi2 to be 6.24, indicating a significant difference between the patient and the control groups (p=0.044). For the allele frequency, the odds ratio was 1.88(95% CI 1.16-3.04), indicating a significant difference between the two groups, and also allele frequency in ischemic stroke patient with or without hyperfibrinogenemia, male sex and smoking history showed odds ratio to be 2.38(95% CI 1.26~4.49), 1.78(95% CI 1.01~3.14)and 1.94(95% CI 1.12~3.35) indicating significant difference.
The high rate of polymorphisms of the AA genotype of beta-fibrinogen G/A-455 in ischemic stroke patients in our study leads us to the belief of the possibility that beta-fibrinogen G/A-455 polymorphisms in males with a smoking history and hyperfibrinogenemia, if found in advance, could lead to an improved prognosis and reduced clinical expenses by allowing early diagnosis and preventive management.
Key words: Ischemic stroke, beta-fibrinogen, Genetics, Polymorphism
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