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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 17(6); 2006 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2006;17(6): 539-544.
Predictors of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Education for Layperson
Kyung Hee Kang, Hyuk Jun Yang, Gun Lee, Sung Tae Youn, Jun Yim, Jeong Soo Im, Seok Ran Yeom
1Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Korea.
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Korea. yanghj@gachon.ac.kr
3Graduate School, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Korea.
4Department of Preventive Medicine, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, Korea.
5Department of Emergency Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan, Korea.
Few data exist regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education status in relationship to characteristics of socio-economic status and health and medical conditions in Korea. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics associated with the CPR educated populationand to develop and analyze a simple predictive model of the CPR education status.
Based on a health survey of Incheon Metropolitan City adults (5,114), differences between a CPR-educated group (n=220) and a CPR non-educated group (n=4,894) were analyzed and a logistic regression analysis of the two groups was performed to evaluate socio-economic status-gender, age, marital status, education level, number of family members, and monthly household income-and health-medical conditions-disease, accidental history, EMS (emergency medical service) experience, and health status.
The participation rate in CPR education in Korea is only 4.3% which is vastly lower than in other developed countries, and there are statistically significant differences between the CPR-educated and CPR not-educated in gender (0.000), age (0.000), marital status (0.000), education level (0.000), and diseases (0.003). Similarly, gender (OR: 0.247, 0.000), age (OR: 0.964, 0.000), marital status (OR: 0.463, 0.000), education level (OR: 1.797, 0.000), numbers of family members (OR: 1.231, 0.004), and health status (OR: 0.894, 0.009) are statistically significant predictors of participation in CPR education.
Monthly household income, accident history, and EMS experience are not statistically significant factors for participation in CPR education in Korea. It may be necessary to determine the optimal fees of CPR education based on social characteristics and economic conditions, Certain subgroups of lay persons such as high-risk patients and family members need targeted outreach programs.
Key words: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Education, Emergency Medical Service
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