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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 18(3); 2007 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2007;18(3): 263-266.
A case Report of Hyponatremia Resulting from Treatment of Anaphylaxis and Rhabdomyolysis in a Snake Bite Patient
Sun Pyo Kim, Dae Heung Yoon, Seong Jung Kim, Soo Hyung Cho, Nam Soo Cho
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chosun University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. chosooh@naver.com
Hyponatremia is a condition of body fluid and electrolyte imbalance frequently encountered in clinical practice. However, treatment with small amounts of furosemide has in rare instances been reported to be associated with hyponatremia. We report a case of a 50-years-old woman who developed symptomatic hyponatremia after treatment for anaphylaxis and rhabdomyolysis resulting from snake bite. The woman was presented with hypotension and hypersensitivity induced by administration of antivenom after a snake bite. She was treated by fluid therapy and administration of epinephrine. One day after hospitalization, she complained of abdominal pain, and her myoglobin level and creatine phosphokinase concentration had increased. She was treated with hydration and urine alkalization. Renal failure and compartment syndrome were not complications of the clinical course. However, pleural effusion and ascites developed following fluid therapy. A small amount of furosemide was administered for treatment, and one day after administration, hyponatremia was found to have developed. The possibility of prescribing a small amout furosemide should be considered for patients who are treated with fluid therapy and require administration of antivenom for anaphylaxis and rhabdomyolysis resulting from snake bite.
Key words: Hyponatremia, Anaphylactic shock, Rhabdomyolysis, Snake bite
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