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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 18(6); 2007 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2007;18(6): 496-502.
The Effect and Retention of CPR Training in Nursing Students
Su Hong Kim, Sang Hee Kim, Chung Sin Shim
1Division of Cardiology, Busan Veterans Hospital, Busan, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Kosin University, Busan, Korea. iris0409@kosin.ac.kr
3Department of Nursing, Jeonbuk Science College, Jeonbuk, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
This study was done to evaluate the effect and retention of CPR training in nursing students.
METHODS:
The participants were 64 nursing students enrolled in K University in Busan. Data were collected from April 3 to October 20, 2006 using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC 12.0 statistical program.
RESULTS:
The first hypothesis, that knowledge (t=-17.865, p=0.000) and skill (t=-11.216, p= 0.000) scored directly following the teaching program would be higher than before the program, was supported. The second hypothesis, that knowledge (t=-8.325, p=0.171) and skill (t=-9.812, p=0.062) scored directly after the teaching program would be higher than two months later, was rejected. The third hypothesis, that knowledge (t=-9.162, p=0.010) and skill (t=-6.019, p=0.023) scored two months after the program would be higher than four months after the program, was supported. The last hypothesis, that knowledge (t=9.169, p=0.210) and skill (t=-5.012, p=0.319) scored four months after the program would be higher than six months after the program, was rejected.
CONCLUSION:
Overall retention of CPR training among nursing students, without reinforcement, decreases most significantly between two and four months following initial training. Accordingly CPR training should be repeated with the same clients every four months.
Key words: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Education, Students, Nursing
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