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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 19(3); 2008 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2008;19(3): 273-281.
The Educational Benefits at Each Steps by Expository Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Teaching and Immediate Remediation for Non-Healthcare Providers in Hospital
Oh Young Kwon, Hyun Joon Cho, Han Jin Cho, Han Sung Choi, Hoon Pyo Hong, Young Gwan Ko, Sin Chul Kim, Dong Pil Kim, Young Joon Kang
1Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea. hsg3748@freechal.com
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Dongsuwon General Hospital, Suwon, Korea.
3Department of Emergency Medicine, Cheju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea.
We undertook this study to evaluate the educational benefits at each steps of expository cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training by immediate remediation for non-healthcare providers in our hospital.
The 150 office staffs who worked in our hospital participated in this study. Following an educational session consisting of a one-hour video tape and slides, we tested single-rescuer BLS performance (15 checklists) with Fullbody SkillReporter(TM) Resusci(R) Anne and Skillmeter Resusci(R) Anne according to 2005 AHA guidelines for CPR. Three tests and two remediations were given to each person, and data were collected after each trial. A statistical analysis was done using the SPSS statistical software package. A pvalue<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
Staff pass rates were improved in 13 checklists after remediation of CPR training. In the initial testing, the highest rate of pass was in assessment of responsiveness (0.89+/-0.31) and the lowest rate of pass was in the looking of in the checking-breathing test items (0.23+/-0.42). The highest rate of pass after two remediations was in the checking-breathing within 10 seconds (0.94+/-0.23) and the lowest rate of pass was in the rate of chest compression (0.52+/-0.50). The difference between males and females was in the rate of chest compression (p=0.001), but there is no difference of the educational benefits after two remediations by age-group.
We found that the rate of passing in each steps of CPR training was improved by two remediations. Therefore, many iterations of remediation of CPR training for non-healthcare providers are necessary.
Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Education, Training
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