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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 20(6); 2009 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2009;20(6): 615-619.
Effects of Additional Instructor's Intervention on CPR Performance Immediately after DVD-based or Instructor-led Instruction
Won Suk Lee, Dae Sung Park, Won Sun Ha, Yong Jun Choi, Jun Young Chung, Young Hyun Yun
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Dong-A University college of Medicine, Busan, Korea. epyun@dau.ac.kr
2Department of EMT, Kwangju College of Health Sciences, Kwangju, Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Effective training in CPR is important for medical personnel and the public and a variety of educational methods have been used. We compared the results of the two most common CPR teaching methods, video-based and Instructorled teaching, with particular emphasis on the effects of supervised practice by an instructor.
METHODS:
Sixty college students who had never been taught CPR were divided into 2 groups of 30. One group was given a 30-minute lecture using slides and the other watched the 30-minute CPR Anytime DVD. Afterwards, all participants were tested on the Mini Anne manikin. All students were re-tested after 30 minutes of practice under the supervision of an instructor.
RESULTS:
The only statistically significant difference between the two groups was an increased accuracy in breath delivery in the DVD group before the instructor supervised practice. There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups after the instructor supervised practice.
CONCLUSION:
Self practice via DVD was relatively more effective than the theory lecture. However, the effect of the education significantly increased with instructor's participation and the difference between teaching methods was insignificant.
Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Teaching, Educational measurement
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