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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 21(2); 2010 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2010;21(2): 234-240.
Effects and Complications of Tracheostomies done by Emergency Physicians
Myung Hee Park, Gil Joon Suh, Woon Yong Kwon, Jun Seok Seo
Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. suhgil@snu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
A tracheostomy is an important, life-saving procedure to maintain a patent airway. Our aim was to evaluate the effects and safety of tracheostomies done by emergency physicians.
METHODS:
This was a retrospective study conducted in the emergency intensive care unit (ICU) of a regional emergency medical center. We enrolled consecutive patients who had a tracheostomy in the emergency ICU between November 2004 and September 2008. We collected data on demographic characteristics, diagnosis at admission, the indication for a tracheostomy, time from intubation to tracheostomy, weaning success, time from tracheostomy to weaning, hospital stay, survival discharge, and complications. We divided the patients into two groups: the EM group included patients who had a tracheostomy done by an emergency physician; the OL group had it done by an otolaryngologists. We then made between-groups comparisons.
RESULTS:
One hundred forty six patients were enrolled in this study. Of the 146 patients, 94 were included in the EM group and 52 in the OL group. There was no significant difference in the demographic characteristics except age, diagnosis at admission, indication of tracheostomy, time from intubation to tracheostomy, weaning success, time from tracheostomy to weaning, hospital stay, and survival discharge between the two groups. There was no significant difference in demographic characteristics? or in the incidence of complications between the two groups.
CONCLUSION:
Tracheostomy done by emergency physicians are as effective and safe as ones done by otolaryngologists.
Key words: Tracheostomy, Postoperative complications, Treatment outcome, Emergency medicine, Otolaryngology
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