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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 21(3); 2010 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2010;21(3): 368-373.
Educational Effects of CPR Instruction to 1,050 Elementary School Classes using Personal Manikins
Sung Pil Chung, Junho Cho, Min Joung Kim, Hoon Lim, Dong Jin Oh, Hahn Shick Lee
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. emer6657@yuhs.ac
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
This study was designed to evaluate the educational effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instruction to elementary school children and the perspectives of students and teachers about such instruction.
A total of 34,232 5th and 6th grade students from 998 elementary schools were instructed using a two-hour CPR lesson from each school teacher using CPR Anytime(R). The school teachers also were instructed by the same lesson from BLS instructors. Survey questionnaires were distributed to students involved. CPR skills were tested using a checklist during the class. We calculated the multiply effect that how many people were instructed CPR secondarily by student after the lesson and analyzed results by grade and gender.
Most students (82%) said that CPR was easy to learn; 81% indicated a willingness to do CPR on a stranger. CPR skills were tested in 11,529 students (34%), and 10,269 (89%) passed. Assessment of respiration was the most commonly omitted procedure. The multiply effect was 1.54, and was higher in the 5th grade and among girls.
This study suggests that the CPR instruction to 5th or 6th grade students in an elementary school setting is feasible and effective. Although the quality of instruction may be low, the children performed CPR on their family and friends.
Key words: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Heart arrest, Health education
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