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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 21(4); 2010 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2010;21(4): 423-428.
E-learning can be Helpful for Mastering Basic Life Support Skills on Public
Chang Won Lee, Ji Yun Ahn, Gyu Chong Cho, Won Woong Lee, Yoo Dong Son, Hee Chol Ahn, Moo Eob Ahn, Jeong Youl Seo
Department of Emergency Medicine, Hallym University Medical Center, Anyang, Korea. jyahn@hallym.or.kr
Barriers to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education are magnified by relative cost and course availability. E-learning has emerged as a viable solution for continuous, on-demand training and organizational learning. We assessed the hypothesis that E-learning is a viable strategy for CPR training of the general public and sought to evaluate its effects on CPR quality compared to traditional classroom-based methods.
The E-learning program was specifically designed to teach basic life support skills, and consisted of 50 minutes internet lectures and simulation videos. The training session was freely available to twenty two officers in rural South Korea. The trainees were able to practice with a mannequin and an automated external defibrillator (AED) trainer at their place of employment over the course of 3 days. The control group was trained at a hospital by certified instructors using the same equipment during a 2 hour period. At the end of the course, the participant's skills were evaluated using a checklist and a skill performance test.
Forty two subjects were enrolled finally with 19 and 23 belonging to the E-learning and the control groups, respectively. One E-learning trainee was excluded because he was absent from the skills test. The mean time to learn CPR and AED techniques was 29.0+/-24.5 minutes in the elearning group. The mean age of the E-learning group was significantly older than that of the control group (32.4+/-4.0 vs. 26.0+/-1.5, p<0.001). However, we did not find any significant differences in their weight, height or CPR educational status. Before the education sessions, the willingness to perform CPR and their confidence in performing CPR were not significantly different among the two groups. Regarding skill performance, there were no significant differences between the groups except the volume of ventilation. The control group showed a higher volume of ventilation than the elearning group (1,031.7+/-521.6 vs. 548.8+/-303.3, p=0.004).
E-learning accompanied with appropriate practice can be a helpful tool for public CPR training. The demand for E-learning will increase, and this study shows that e-learning programs can be successful, yielding similar results as traditional, classroom-based training.
Key words: Life support care, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Distance education
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