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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 21(6); 2010 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2010;21(6): 745-748.
Optimal Chest Compression Depth for Children Determined by Chest Computed Tomography
Jung Hoon Park, Sang Mo Je, Je Sung You, Sun Wook Kim, Tae Nyoung Chung, Min Joung Kim, Yoo Seok Park, Sung Phil Chung, Incheol Park
Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. pys0905@yuhs.ac
The recommended compression depth for basic life support of pediatric patients is one third to one half the anterior-posterior diameter of the chest. This study was designed to evaluate, using chest computed tomography (CT), whether the recommended compression depth is appropriate.
Data for pediatric patients who underwent chest computed tomography were collected. Axial images containing both nipples were selected. We measured external chest thickness, internal thickness from sternum to vertebral body, and residual thickness; the latter was defined as internal thickness minus one third or one half of external thickness. We assumed potential injury would occur from chest compression if residual thickness was less than 10 mm.
Chest CT images from 164 children were analyzed. The compression depth was 62.4+/-6.9 mm if one half of the chest thickness was compressed, which was deeper than the high margin of compression depth recommended for adults. No potential injury was assumed when compressing one third of external chest thickness, while 96.3% of patients were assumed to sustain an injury when receiving compressions as deep as one half of chest thickness.
One half the anterior-posterior diameter of the chest, the compression depth for pediatric CPR recommended in the current guidelines, is deeper than the 4~5 cm depth recommended for adult chest compression, and will result in less than 10 mm of residual thickness in most cases. This may cause internal organ injury.
Key words: Heart arrest, X-Ray computed tomography, Child, Preschool Child, Infant, Resuscitation
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