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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 26(1); 2015 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2015;26(1): 51-61.
Adequacy of Videos for Adult Basic Life Support in a Portal Site of Korea
Seung Bum Ryu, Ji Hoon Kim, Kyu Nam Park, Sung Wook Kim, Jung Taek Park
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. intimator@naver.com
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Prompt initiation of effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation is underlined in the guideline. Many people search health-related information on the internet. The objective of this study was to evaluate the content and quality of videos for adult basic life support (BLS) on the internet.
METHODS:
We searched 'Daum' for the term 'CPR' in Korean. Videos dealing with BLS over 5 sequences were included. Videos inserted in the news and drama or used for advertisement or entertainment, or which only contained pediatric BLS were excluded. Two emergency physicians analyzed videos using a standardized checklist.
RESULTS:
Of 1,600 videos, 32 met the inclusion criteria, except for duplicate videos. More than 90% of videos showed appropriate demonstration for check response, activate emergency response system, correct hand placement, minimize interruptions in chest compression, 30:2 compression to ventilation ratio, open airway, and deliver rescue breath; 13 (40.6%) and 12 (37.5%) videos demonstrated 'call for automated external defibrillator (AED)' and 'apply AED', respectively; 25 (78.1%), 23 (71.9%), and 27 (84.4%) videos showed correct demonstration for chest compression rate and depth, and complete chest recoil, respectively; 6 (18.8%) and 10 (31.3%) videos contained instructions for 'complete chest recoil' and 'minimize interruptions in chest compression', respectively. Only 2 (6.3%) videos dealt with hands-only CPR.
CONCLUSION:
A large proportion of educational videos for adult BLS contained basic sequence of BLS, except for 'call for AED' and 'apply AED'. There is a lack of instruction for high-quality CPR, particularly for minimizing interruptions in chest compression and complete chest recoil, and hands-only CPR.
Key words: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Defibrillator, Internet
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