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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 33(4); 2022 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2022;33(4): 406-415.
제주지역에서 렌터카 교통사고는 사망 위험성이 더 높은가?
이희승1 , 강정호2 , 김우정2 , 강영준3 , 강경원2 , 박현수2 , 송성욱2 , 박창배1 , 부지환1 , 이성근2 , 고서영2
1제주대학교병원 응급의학과
2제주대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
3제주대학교 의과대학 의학교육학교실
Are rental car accidents more fatal on Jeju island?
Hee Seung Lee1 , Jeong Ho Kang2 , Woo Jeong Kim2 , Young Joon Kang3 , Kyeong Won Kang2 , Hyun Soo Park2 , Sung Wook Song2 , Chang Bae Park1 , Ji Hwan Bu1 , Sung Kgun Lee2 , Seo Young Ko2
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Jeju National University College of Medicine, Jeju, Korea
3Department of Medical Education, Jeju National University College of Medicine, Jeju, Korea
Correspondence  Jeong Ho Kang ,Tel: 064-717-1924, Fax: 064-717-1168, Email: sivakjh1234@gmail.com,
Received: August 12, 2021; Revised: October 24, 2021   Accepted: October 28, 2021.  Published online: August 31, 2022.
ABSTRACT
Objective:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the characteristics between rental car crashes and non-rental car crashes on Jeju Island, and to investigate the association between rental car crashes and the severity of injuries.
Method:
This study analyzed data on traffic accidents that occurred on Jeju Island, South Korea from January 2010 to December 2019. The data on traffic accident-related factors were collected using the Traffic Accident Analysis System operated by the Road Traffic Authority. The primary outcome was a fatal injury and secondary outcomes were severe and minor injuries. We analyzed the differences in the characteristics of each factor between rental car crashes and nonrental crashes. We also analyzed the correlation between rental car accidents and the outcome variables.
Results:
A total of 40,713 traffic accidents occurred during the study period, of which 4,601 (11.3%) were rental car crashes and 36,112 (88.7%) were non-rental crashes. In the rental car crash group, the proportions of the 20-30s age group and female drivers were higher; however, the proportion of the risky driving behaviors was lower. Also, the incidence rate in summer and daytime was higher, and the proportions of vehicle-to-vehicle crashes, single vehicle crashes, and head-on collisions were higher. According to the results of the Poisson regression test, the rental car crash group showed a higher risk of severe injuries (adjusted incidence rate ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.14), but there was no significant difference in their risk of fatal injuries.
Conclusion:
Our results suggest the need for traffic accident prevention programs considering the characteristics of rental car crashes on Jeju Island, South Korea.
Key words: Traffic accidents; Injury; Risk factors
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