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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 33(3); 2022 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2022;33(3): 314-321.
응급실에 내원한 잇몸 출혈 환자에서 치과 협진 시행 유무와 진료 결과
김요한 , 김지혜 , 김아름 , 이유진 , 한승백
인하대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
Treatment results in patients with gingival bleeding according to dental consultation carried out in emergency department
Yo Han Kim , Ji Hye Kim , Areum Durey Kim , Yu Jin Lee , Seung Baik Han
Department of Emergency Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
Correspondence  Seung Baik Han ,Tel: 032-890-2310, Fax: 032-890-3097, Email: Lifsav@inha.ac.kr,
Received: July 13, 2021; Revised: October 13, 2021   Accepted: October 22, 2021.  Published online: June 30, 2022.
This study compared the treatment results of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with gingival bleeding, who were given dental consultations with those who were not. Also, the study compared patients presenting with gingival bleeding based on the period of availability of the dental consultation in the ED.
This was a retrospective study of patients with gingival bleeding visiting the ED from January 2011 to April 2020. The demographic data of patients, past medical history, etiology of bleeding, vital signs, lab findings, treatment methods, and disposition were analyzed.
The mean level of hemoglobin was 13.3 g/dL in the group to whom dental consultation was made available, and 11.7 g/dL in the group not given dental consultation, which was a significant difference (P=0.010). Vitamin K injections were given to 1.9% of the former group and 6.2% of the latter group (P=0.049). Suturing was done in 14% of the former group and 1.2% of the latter (P<0.001). There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding admission to the ward or revisits to the ED.
Emergency physicians carried out conservative treatments for patients with gingival bleeding when dental consultation was unavailable. No differences in the treatment results were observed based on the length of time the dental consultation was made available.
Key words: Gingival hemorrhage; Emergency treatment; Conservative treatment
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