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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 6(2); 1995 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1995;6(2): 349-356.
CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS OF DRUG INTOXICATION
Nam Soo Cho, Soo Hyeong Cho, Yong Bae Kim
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chosun University, College of Medicine
  Published online: December 31, 1995.
ABSTRACT
A clinical observation was made on 194 cases of drug intoxication to Chosun University hospital via emergency room during one year from January 1994 to December 1994. The observed results were summarized as follows; l. The ratio of drug intoxicated patients to total patients of emergency room was 1.3%.(194 patients of the total 14,836 patients) 2. Female was slightly more than male (54% : 46%) and the age group of the third decade was of the largest proportion. 3. In monthly distribution, September had the largest proportion(14.4%). The largest proportion of the time interval on anival to emergency room and of presumed time of poisoning was night(8 p.m -12 p.m). 4. Suicidal attempt was the most common motive of drug intoxication(82.5%). 5. The most common drug of intoxication was S.H.T.(seclatives, hypnotics, tranquilizer)(24.7%). 6. The abnormal signs on arrival to emergency room were tachycardia, tachypnea, hypertension in order of frequency. 7. The observed abnormal laboratory findings on arrival to emergency room were leukocytosis(97cases), glucosuria(21 cases), proteinuria(lO cases) in order of frequency. 8. The outcome of the patients were recovery(42.8%), against discharge(3.5%), hopeless discharge (16%), death(6.2%).
Key words: Drug intoxication, Emergency room
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