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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 6(2); 1995 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1995;6(2): 324-329.
ACUTE DRUG INTOXICATION IN ED OF URBAN AREA
Ok Kyoung Choi, Ji Young Yoo, Moo Su Kim, Koo Young Jung
Department of Emergency Medicine, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital
  Published online: December 31, 1995.
ABSTRACT
Acute drug intoxication is a important part of emergency medicine. The outcome of intoxicated patients depends upon a kind of drug, a dose of drug, the time of initial management and the knowledge of variable drugs. Our study was made on 249 cases of acute drug intoxication, who visited to emergency department of Ehwa Womans University Mokdong Hospital during 15months from June 1994 to August 1 . The patients of early 10 months period were treated in department in IM and patients of late 5 months period treated in department of EM. The results were as follows : 1) Total number of patients was 249 which is 0.59% of total ED patients. The male to female ratio was 1:2 (81pts : 168 pts) The age distribution showed the highest incidences in 2nd (35%) and 3rd (23%) decades. 2) The most patients (78%) were visited to ED within 4 hour after drug ingestion. 3) The most common drug which activated charcoal was indicated was sedatives and hynotics (63%). The most common drug which activated charcoal was contraindicated was strong acid-alkali (4%) 4) The total mortality of intoxicated patients was 8%. 5) The outcomes of the patients( early 10 months vs. late 5 months) : the percentage of admission was 20% vs 24%, discharge against admission was 36% vs 46%, discharge was 21% vs 22%, transfer to other hospital was 22% vs 9%
Key words: Drug intoxication
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