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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 5(2); 1994 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1994;5(2): 356-364.
Yong Il Min
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Kwangju, Korea
  Published online: December 31, 1994.
21,700 cases of patients who visited Department of Emergency Medicine in Chonam Universi­ty Hospital from August 1, 1993 to July 31, 1994 were reviewed. The results were as follows : 1. In 21,700 total visits(average 59.5 in a day), male to female ratio was 1.47 : 1 and the peak age group was 3rd decade(16.3% of total visit). 2. Disease to injury ratio was 2.1 : 1. In disease, male to female ratio was 1.2 : 1. A male predominece was found among injury as 2.2 : 1, respectively. The major groups of disease were children younger than 10 years of age and adults older than 50 years. In contrast, 42.3% of total injuries occured in 3rd and 4th decades. 3. The ratio of self-visit to transfer from other hospitals was 3 : 1, The majority(83.3% ) used non-emergency vehicle such as taxi or bus. In contrast, the use of rescue services or ambulanc­es were extremely rare. 4. The visiting patients were composed of internal medicine as 24.6%, pediatrics as 12.6%, surgery as 36.1%, and emergency medicine as 21.7%. The disposition was composed of discharge as 60.5%, admission to ward as 29.5%, and trans­ fer to other hospital as 6.5%. 5. Averaged transit time in emergency room was 18.5 hours ; 31.3 hours for admission to ward, 14.0 hours for discharge, and 7.8 hours for transfer to other hospital, respectively. 6. Monthly visit was relatively even. Visits increased slightly on April, May, June, July, and October. 7. In daily visit, it increased slightly on Saturday and Sunday. 8. The majority of patients visited to emergency room between noon and midnight. In constrast, visits decreased abruptly from 1 : 00 AM. 9. The number of DOA was 320. In addition, the number of DAA and hopeless discharge was 644. Thus, mortality rate was 3.0 %.
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