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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 27(4); 2016 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2016;27(4): 379-383.
객혈로 내원한 환자에서 기관지 동정맥 기형으로 오인되었던 기관지 동맥류 1례
조환준, 이주영, 구강모, 이홍열, 최창원, 김영, 박태연, 정재우, 최재철, 신종욱, 김재열, 최병휘, 박인원
중앙대학교 의과대학 내과학교실
Bronchial Artery Aneurysm Presenting Hemoptysis, Initially Mis-diagnosed as Bronchial Arterio-venous Malformation: A Case Report
Hwan Jun Cho, Joo Young Lee, Kang Mo Gu, Hong Yeul Lee, Chang Won Choi, Young Kim, Tae Yun Park, Jae-Woo Jung, Jae Chol Choi, Jong Wook Shin, Jae Yeol Kim, Byoung Whui Choi, In Won Park
Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  In Won Park ,Tel: 02-6299-1401, Fax: 02-825-7571, Email: iwpark@cau.ac.kr,
Received: March 12, 2016; Revised: March 15, 2016   Accepted: June 20, 2016.  Published online: August 31, 2016.
Normal bronchial arteries are small vessels that arise mostly from the descending thoracic aorta. Bronchial artery aneurysm is defined as a dilatation of the bronchial arteries with a diameter over 2 mm, and is reported in less than 1% of bronchial arterial angiography. A 70-year-old male patient was presented with hemoptysis. He had been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis 50 years ago. He also had a history of admission with hemoptysis 10 years ago, for which he was diagnosed as bronchiectasis on computed tomography imaging. Upon arrival to our hospital, abnormal vascular structure was detected on the mediastinum, arising from the descending thoracic aorta. It was dilated to 14 mm with a saccular form. Initially, we evaluated the structure as a bronchial arteriovenous malformation because it seemed to be drained into the pulmonary vein directly. For further evaluation, he had received a trans-catheter bronchial artery angiography. Both bronchial arteries were hypertrophied, but direct arteriovenous shunt was not detected; as such, we concluded this structure to be bronchial artery aneurysm. We performed embolization for both bronchial arteries and filled the aneurysm with coiling. He had no recurrence of hemoptysis and was discharged on 4 days post embolization. Our case reports an incidental bronchial artery aneurysm, which was initially misdiagnosed as bronchial arteriovenous anomaly, and finally treated with embolization and coiling.
Key words: Aneurysm, Bronchial artery, Embolization, Hemoptysis
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