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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 8(1); 1997 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1997;8(1): 52-57.
A CLINICAL STUDY OF FOREIGN BODY INGESTION
Seong Geun Kim, Jin Ho Rhu, Ju Kyeong Park, Tae Heo, Han Deok Yoon, Seok Ju Cho, Yong Il Min
1Department of Emergency Medicine, ChonNam University Hospital, KwangJu, Korea.
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Pusan Unviversity Hospital, Pusan, Korea.
ABSTRACT
We analyzed records at Chonnam university hospital from Sep. 1. 1993 to Aug. 31. 1996 to assess clinical significance of the foreign body in the gastrointestinal tract. There were 133 episodes consisting of 79 pediatric and 54 adult patients as possible to review. In the pediatric patients, the coin was the most common cause of foreign body ingestion, while adult patients were usually caused by bones and meat. We removed foreign bodies in the oral cavity and oropharynx in 12 cases using direct laryngophanmgoscpy and forcep. Endoscopy was performed successfully in 47 of 51 patients in which was attempted; there were two complications composed of an aspiration pneumonia and a mediastinitis due to esophageal perforation. There were spontaneous passage of foreign bodies in 48 cases. We observed complications in 6 cases in which 4 cases needed operations due to complications. Foreign bodies which pass into the stomach can be observed for development of complications, as 94% of foreign bodies which reach the stomach spontaneously pass. Only 4 patients required interventions, which was done without mortality.
Key words: Foreign body ingestion, Complication
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