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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 9(1); 1998 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1998;9(1): 14-24.
A Study on An Emergency Transfer System in Pusan Area
Pil Seong Ko, Suck Ju Cho
ABSTRACT
Five hundred and thirty five cases of patients who were transferred to the Department of Emergency Medicine in Pusan University Hospital from Aug 1, 1997 to Aug 31, 1997 and from Oct 1, 1997 to Oct 31, 1997 were studied prospectively. The results were as follows: 1. Total 535 patients were transferred to the emergency department of PNUH(Pusan National University Hospital) for 2 months(average 8.2 a day). Male to female ratio was 1.58:1 and peak age group was 6th decade(17.0% of total). 2. In distribution about arrival time of transferred patients, 40.7% was from 08:00 to 16:00, 39.3% was from 16:00 to 24:00 and 20.0% was from 0:00 to 8:00. 3. Cases that were communicated with the emergency department of PNUH were 7.7%, cases that were communicated with other departments of PNUH were 10.1%, and 82.2% of total cases were transferred without any communication. 4. A 40.7% of patients was transferred by a hospital ambulance, 33.1% of patients used non-emergency vehicles such as taxis or buses, 25.3% of patients was transferred by an 119 or 129 rescue ambulance, and 0.9% was transferred by on foot or others. 5. Transferring hospital was divided into 3 groups: primary hospital, secondary hospital, and university hospital. The majority was secondary hospital(83.6%). 6. The cases that patients wanted to be treated in PNUH were the greatest in number as 55.5%, the cases transferred due to emergency surgery were 9.3%, the cases transferred without specialized department concerned were 28.6%, the cases transferred because of bed deficit were 1.7% and the cases transferred due to other cause were 4.9%. 7. Traumatic patients were 32.5%, and among them 9.9% was due to motor vehicle accident, among these 78.5% was mild patients. Non-traumatic patients were 67.5% and among them 74.2% was mild patients. 8. Among all transferred patients, 75.7% was admitted for general care, emergency operation, and ICU care. The percentage of discharge was 19.1%, the percentage of death was 2.4%, and the percentage of transfer to other hospital was 2.8%. Generally, because of bed deficit and of availability of operation room, patients were transferred to other hospital. 9. Among specialized departments, the proportion of the department of internal medicine, neurosurgery and pediatrics was 29.3%, 17.2% and 11.4% respectively. In conclusion, it is considered that proper patient transfer and effective medical service can be achieved through the well-organized EMSS, and cooperative interhospital communication.
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