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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 10(4); 1999 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 1999;10(4): 579-586.
Endotracheal Intubation in the Emergency Department of an Tertiary Care Center
Byeong Cheol Kim, Bo Seung Kang, Hyoung Gon Song, Jeong Hun Lee, Keun Jeong Song, Yeon Kwon Jeong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the endotracheal intubation cases performed in the emergency department.
We investigated retrospectively 326 cases of endotracheal intubation performed in the emergency department of a tertiary care center from April 1, 1998 to March 31, 1999. We focused on operators, medications used, its success rate and immediate complications, and the relationship between its success rate and medications.
Of 326 consecutive intubations, 193 patients(59.2%) were done by emergency medicine residents or attending physician. While 320 patients(98.2%) were successfully intubated, 6 patients could not be intubated and 2 patients underwent tracheostomy. Of 50 cases of intubations(15.3%) attempted with paralyzing agents, 48 cases were done with succinylcholine and 46 cases underwent by emergency physicians. Intubations with neuromuscular paralysis resulted in high success rates at the first attempt. Of 55 immediate adverse events were encountered in 47 patients(desaturation=17, bronchial intubation=15, hypotension=8, bradycardia=4, cardiac arrest=2, others=5).
At this institution, paralyzing agents were used infrequently, but almost all of them were used by emergency physicians.
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