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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 11(4); 2000 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2000;11(4): 489-498.
Evaluation of Pertinence in Prehospital Triage and Management by Paramedic's Reports
Soon Sik Min, Jae Kwang Kim, Gun Lee, Cheol Wan Park, Hyuk Jun Yang, Eell Ryoo, Sung Youl Hyun, Hoon Kyu Lee, Hwan Mo Chung, Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Recently, patients' demands for emergency medicine are increasing, and most of prehospital medical care, including basic life support, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and triage, are provided by paramedics or emergency medical technicians. Evaluation of the adequacy of prehospital management and triage has become important for improving the quality and the effectiveness of the emergency medical system.
The 202 patients who were transferred by ambulance with paramedics, nurses, or emergency medical technicians to the Emergency Department in Gil Medical Center from July 1, 1999, to September 31, 1999, were enrolled. This study was conducted prospectively by using the emergency physician's log and newly devised protocols recorded by paramedics or nurses.
1) Male to female ratio was 1:0.8, and the peak age of the patients were the 4th(18.8%) and 6th decade(15.3%). 2) Of the 202 patients, 84 patients were transferred for trauma and 118 for medical problems. The mean transfer time was 6+/-1.73 minutes. 3) The validities of prehospital triage and decisions using the trauma severity measure and the disease severity measure, were 33.3% in trauma patients and 57.6% in medical patients. 4) The results for the adequacy rate in prehospital management analyzed by using the rate of necessity of treatment, performance of treatment, and adequate treatment were as follows: oxygen supply, 38.1/41.6/93.8; wound dressing, 19.3/71.8/92.9; immobilization of the cervical spine, 15.8/56.3/92.9; application of a spinal board, 12.9/42.3/72.7; application of a splint, 9.9/50.0/60.0; manual maintenance of an airway, 9.9/55.0/63.6; and CPR, 4.5/66.7/0.5) Kind of ALS(Advanced Life Support) were not conducted(peripheral IV, EKG, intubation medical administration, defibrillation, pacing). The rates of necessity of treatment were as follows: peripheral IV, 40.6%; ECG monitoring, 23.3%; endotracheal intubation, 8.9%; medical administration, 8.9%; defibrillation, 3.5%; and pacing, 1.5%.
The adequacy of prehospital triage and decisions using trauma and disease severity measures was relatively low. To improve the adequacy of BLS(Basic Life Support) and to increase the performance of ALS(Advanced Life Support), we must create challenges to develop new protocols and to supplement new equipment.
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