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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 13(3); 2002 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2002;13(3): 312-318.
Outcome of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for In-hospital Cardiac Arrest in a Tertiary Emergency Department
Eun Kyung Eo, Hye Young Jang, Young Jin Cheon, Koo Young Jung, Dong Suep Sohn, Dai Yun Cho, Ki Min Yang
1Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. lizeo@unitel.co.kr
2Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
The "In-hospital Utstein Style" is an internationally recommended guideline for reporting outcome data from inhospital resuscitation events. This study was designed to evaluate the current status of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a tertiary emergency department and to provide basic data for a unified report guidelines for resuscitation in Korea.
A clinical analysis of 249 cases of in-hospital CPR performed in a tertiary emergency department from August 1995 to December 2001 was conducted. The evaluation was made using Utstein reporting guidelines.
During the period, 232 patients received 249 resuscitations. The immediate precipitating causes of cardiac arrest were cardiogenic in 61 cases (24.5%), traumatic in 58 cases (23.3%), respiratory in 41 cases (16.5%), and metabolic in 28 cases (11.3%). Initial EKG rhythms were bradyarrhythmia in 115 cases (46.2%), pulseless electrical activity in 69 cases (27.7%), ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia (VF/VT) in 36 cases (14.5%), and asystole in 26 cases (10.4%). The spontaneous circulation was returned in 153 of the 249 resuscitations (61.5%). In 59 of the 249 resuscitations (23.7%), spontaneous circulation was maintained for more than 24 hours. Sixteen of the 232 patients (6.9%) were discharged alive. The VF/VT group of initial EKG rhythm had a better outcome in comparison with non-VF/VT group. The prognosis for respiratory arrest was better (78% probability of survival) than it was for other causes of arrest. Patients suffering from traumatic arrest showed the worst outcomes (9% probability of survival).
Although the "In-hospital Utstein Style" is very subjective as a report determining the outcome of resuscitation, it has many complementary factors. However, even with the "Utstein Style", new guidelines compatible with the actual circumstances of our emergency department must be developed.
Key words: In-hospital Utstein Style, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Outcome
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