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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 13(4); 2002 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2002;13(4): 416-423.
Analysis of Factors Predicting Recurrence and the Result of Treatment in PSVT Patients at the Emergency Department
Byeong Jo Chun, Jung Mi Moon, Joon Sun Wi, Kyoung Woon Jeoung, Hyun Chang Kim, Seung Tae Jeong, Tag Heo, Young Il Min
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chonnam National University College of Medicine, Kwangju, Korea. cbjbawoo@hanmail.net
The purpose of this research was to evaluate the factors predicting recurrence and the characteristics of patients who recurred after the treatment of spontaneous paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) with adenosine.
From January 1999 to December 2001, 62 patients with PSVT were enrolled in this study. The conversion group included patients who had had a therapeutic response, which was defined as the occurrence of a change in the sinus rhythm after adenosine administration. The recurred group consisted of all patients who had not had a therapeutic response. Clinical features, the results of treatment, ECG findings, and the hemodynamic statuses were analyzed.
The treatments were vagal maneuver (5 pts, 7.5 %), adenosine 6 mg (37 pts, 55.2 %), adenosine 12 mg (14 pts, 20.9 %), verapamil 5 mg (9 pts, 13.4 %), and cardioversion (2 pts, 3.0 %). Twenty-five of the 62 patients failed to have a therapeutic response, yielding a recurrence rate of 40.3 %. Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) was more prevalent in the recurred group. The most common symptom at presentation was chest pain. The recurred group had increased heart rate, and increased blood pressure. When patients were monitered after adenosine, unifocal premature ventricular complex was the most common rhythm encountered in the conversion group, but atrial fibrillation, and multifocal premature ventricular complex was the most common rhythm encountered.
Age, heart rate, difference in systolic blood pressure from presentation to discharge, previous history of heart disease, and rhythms encountered after adenosine administration were factors predicting recurrence.
Key words: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), Recurrence, Predicting factors
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