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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 15(3); 2004 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2004;15(3): 201-204.
Acute Ammonium Dichromate Poisoning: A Case Report
Dai Hai Choi, Myung Don Joo, Duk Ho Jun, Woo Ik Choi, Dong Pill Lee
Department of Emergency Medicine Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. ermdchoi@nate.com
ABSTRACT
Soluble compounds of chromium are widely used in industrial processes, including printing, photography, pyrotechnics, dyeing, electroplating, aircraft, shipbuilding, and leather tanning. Exposure in industry is generally via the inhalation of dusts and fumes. Ingestion of chromium (chromate or dichromate salt) has occurred accidentally in suicide attempts and during drug experimentation and may causes ulceration of the bowel, diarrhea, hemorrhagic diathesis, acute renal failure, and hepatic damage. Ingestion of hexavalent chromium com-pounds is considered to be one hundred times more toxic than the trivalent compounds. Chromium poisoning in children is an uncommon, potentially lethal form of poisoning which could possibly increase in incidence because of the resumed greater domestic distribution of dichromate in Korea. We report a case of ammonium dichromate inges-tion by a child that resulted in a healthy discharge.
Key words: Chromates, Ammonium, Poisoning
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