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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 15(6); 2004 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2004;15(6): 567-574.
Clinical Analysis of CPR in Infants with Out-of-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Arrest
Young Yun Yun, Hong Jae Kim, Seung Cheol Han, Kyung In Youm, Jeong Mi Moon, Byeong Jo Chun, Tag Heo, Yong Il Min
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chonnam National University, School of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. minyi@chonnam.ac.kr
Since 1960 pediatric advanced life support (PALS) has been studied and applied to clinical situations, ILCOR guidelines 2000 for CPR and ECC was achieved. Pediatric cardiopulmonary arrest differs from adult arrest in etiologies, mechanisms, and managements. This study was performed to identify the clinical manifestations and real picutre of CPR to recognize the need of standard CPR method that increases the survival in infants with out-of hospital arrest.
This study was planned by retrospectively reviewed the records of all children who arrived without spontaneous respiration and palpable pulse at the emergency room of the three Hospitals from January 1996 to July 2003.
During that period, 45 infants presented with out of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. Overall, there was a return of vital signs in 15 of the 45 patients; 6 survived to discharge from hospital. 1. Out-of-hospital arrest in infants demonstrated that 60% were male, mean age was 133.4 days. Of these, 71.1% of the arrests occurred in the home with family members presents, those family members didn't perform basic CPR in only 1 case. 2. In any ROSC group, the interval between the arrest and arrival at the hospital was 14.4 minutes. In ROSC never achieved group, the interval was 32.0 minutes. 3. Two of the 15 patients with SIDS(13.3%) and four of the 13 patients with respiratory arrest(30.8%) survived to hospital discharge.
Factors that predicted survival to discharged alive included a death caused by respiratory disease, a short interval between the arrest and arrival at the hospital, and a short duration of resuscitation efforts in the ER. We found that need of standard guideline and commonly applied CPR techniques.
Key words: Infant, Out-of-hospital arrest, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
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