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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 24(1); 2013 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2013;24(1): 22-30.
Neurologic Outcomes and Factors Related to Outcomes in Patients Transferred for Specialized Post-cardiac Arrest care after Successful Resuscitation at other Facilities: One-year Experience in a Regional Emergency Center in Seoul, Republic of Korea
Suk Jae Ryu, Kyu Nam Park, Sang Hoon Oh, Young Min Kim, Han Joon Kim, Chun Song Youn, Seung Pill Choi, Soo Hyun Kim
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. emsky@catholic.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
We report on neurologic outcomes and experience with specialized post-cardiac arrest (PCA) care of transferred patients at a regional emergency center in Seoul over a one-year period, and we evaluate factors related to neurologic outcomes by analyzing the characteristics of the patients, transport processes, and therapeutic interventions.
METHODS:
We conducted a retrospective review of patients who were transferred to our facility after successful resuscitation at another hospital. The variables evaluated included clinical variables, whether there was the presence of any critical event on arrival, the transport time, the transport distance, the PCA care delay, and whether or not specialized PCA care was administered.
RESULTS:
A total of 31 cardiac arrest patients were included in this study. Of these, 27 patients (87.1%) were treated with therapeutic hypothermia. Thirteen patients (41.9%) were ultimately included in the good outcome group (discharge CPC 1, 2), and 18 were included in the poor outcome group (discharge CPC 3-5). During transport, occurrence of re-arrest was uncommon (n=1, 3.2%). Conversely, other critical events were common (11 patients, 35.5%). Transport time, distance, and PCA care delay were not statistically relevant to occurrence of critical events during inter-facility transport. A critical event was more likely to occur in patients who were on vasopressors (p=0.045), and it was an independent risk factor of poor outcome (odds ratio 12.28 [95% confidence interval, 1.44-104.83]).
CONCLUSION:
The transfer of resuscitated patients is reasonable for specialized PCA care. Because critical events were common during transport and showed correlation with poor neurologic outcomes, a critical care transport team must be used with these patients.
Key words: Cardiac arrest, Regionalization, Resuscitation
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