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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 30(2); 2019 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2019;30(2): 190-197.
자전거 손상 및 자전거 안전모 착용의 역학적 특징
김효동1, 안기옥1 , 박주옥2 , 김주영3 , 이승철4 , 이상헌4
1명지병원 응급의학과
2한림대학교 동탄성심병원 응급의학과
3고려대학교 안산병원 응급의학과
4동국대학교 일산병원 응급의학과
Epidemiologic characteristics of bicycle injury and helmet use
Hyodong Kim1, Ki Ok Ahn1 , Juok Park2 , Joo-Yeong Kim3 , Seung Chul Lee4 , Sanghun Lee4
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Goyang, Korea
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Hallym University Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, Korea
3Depart of Emergency Medicine, Korea Univeristy Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan, Korea
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea
Correspondence  Ki Ok Ahn ,Tel: 031-810-7124, Fax: 031-810-7124, Email: arendt75@gmail.com,
Received: August 23, 2018; Revised: September 28, 2018   Accepted: September 28, 2018.  Published online: April 30, 2019.
ABSTRACT
Objective:
This study examined the epidemiological characteristics of bicycle injuries and the wearing of a helmet.
Method:
A cross-sectional observational study was conducted using the emergency department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance data from 2013 to 2016. The study population consisted of patients related to bicycles of all ages. The variables associated with helmet wearing were sex, age, type of location, activity at injury, alcohol use at injury, and time of injury. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to estimate the risks of nonuse of helmets.
Results:
Among the 31,923 eligible patients, 3,304 patients (10.3%) were wearing helmets at the time of the injury. The adjusted logistic regression model showed that females (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.675; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.614-0.742), teenagers (aOR, 0.265; 95% CI, 0.232-0.302), old age (aOR, 0.378; 95% CI, 0.326-0.438), road except for bicycle lanes (aOR, 0.510; 95% CI, 0.467-0.557), leisure (aOR, 0.290; 95% CI, 0.252-0.334) or vital activity (aOR, 0.188; 95% CI, 0.162-0.218) at injury, alcohol use at injury (aOR, 0.329; 95% CI, 0.253-0.427), night time (aOR, 0.609; 95% CI, 0.560-0.663), and winter (aOR 0.734; 95% CI 0.619-0.872) were significantly associated with the nonuse of helmets.
Conclusion:
This study identified the factors associated with helmet use during bicycle riding. Strategies aimed at increasing the use of bicycle helmets targeting the risk population are needed.
Key words: Head protective devices; Bicycling
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