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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 29(5); 2018 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2018;29(5): 423-429.
학령전기 소아에서 추락으로 인한 경증 두부손상의 특징에 대한 후향적 관찰 연구
성민석1 , 이지숙2 , 전우찬1 , 박준석1 , 김경환1 , 신동운1 , 김 훈1 , 박준민1 , 김현종1
1인제대학교 일산백병원 응급의학과
2아주대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
The characteristics of mild head injuries in preschool-age children fall: a retrospective observational study
Min Suk Sung1 , Ji Sook Lee2 , Woochan Jeon1 , Junseok Park1 , Kyung Hwan Kim1 , Dongwun Shin1 , Hoon Hoon1 , Joon Min Park1 , Hyunjong Hyunjong1
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University Ilsanpaik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
Correspondence  Woochan Jeon ,Tel: 031-910-9781, Fax: 031-910-7188, Email: woowoochan@gmail.com,
Received: June 26, 2018; Revised: August 8, 2018   Accepted: August 28, 2018.  Published online: October 31, 2018.
ABSTRACT
Objective:
Falling is a common cause of head injury in preschool aged children. We investigated the characteristics of mild head injuries caused by falling and the association between body weight and occurrence of traumatic brain injuries (TBI).
Method:
This retrospective observational study was conducted on head-injured preschool-aged children that visited the emergency department from January 2012 to December 2015. Characteristics such as age, sex, weight, free fall height, floor type, and presence of TBI, as defined as cerebral hemorrhage or skull fracture, were investigated. We calculated body weight percentiles by calibrating age and weight and categorized them into four quartile ranges. We grouped all included cases into two groups according to the presence of TBI. The characteristics of the two groups were compared by using chi-square test, and the association with TBI was investigated by using binomial logistic regression.
Results:
A total of 701 children were included, and TBI was observed in 95 children. Children with TBI were younger. The proportion of children with TBI was higher in the third and fourth quartiles of the body weight group as well as according to soft floor and fall from high height (≥1 m). The odds of soft floor being associated with TBI was higher than the odds for hard floor (odds ratio, 2.734; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.597-4.680). The odds of high height (≥1 m) being associated with TBI was higher than that for low height (odds ratio, 2.306; 95% CI, 1.155-4.601), and the odds ratio for the weight percentile group was 1.228 (95% CI, 1.005-1.499).
Conclusion:
Prevalence of TBI after falling in preschool-aged children might be associated with high fall-height and body weight quartiles.
Key words: Traumatic brain injuries; Accidental falls; Body weight; Preschool child
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