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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 26(4); 2015 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2015;26(4): 313-319.
급성 일산화탄소중독에서의 심근손상 발생과 심전도 변화의 특성
최일국, 최한주
단국대학교 의과대학 응급의학교실
Characteristics of Electrocardiographic Changes in Myocardial Injury with Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Il Kug Choi, Han Joo Choi
Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea
Correspondence  Han Joo Choi ,Tel: 041) 550-6840, Fax: 041) 550-7054, Email: iqtus@hanmail.net,
Received: May 14, 2015; Revised: May 19, 2015   Accepted: July 8, 2015.  Published online: August 31, 2015.
ABSTRACT
Purpose:
Electrocardiographic findings such as Tp-Te interval, Tp-Te dispersion, and Tp-Te/QT ratio could be used to predict dysrhythmic events regarding any kind of toxic materials. We investigated the prevalence of cardiac toxicity related to acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and the characteristics of electrocardiographic changes corresponding to the severity of intoxication.
Method:
This retrospective observational study was conducted with 113 patients of acute CO poisoning from May, 2013 to July, 2014. Myocardial injury (MI) was determined based on an elevation of serum troponin T within the first 24 hours of the ED visit. The study population was classified according to Acute Neuropsychiatric Status (ANS) scoring: a mild intoxication group (ANS scores 0 and 1) and a severe intoxication group (ANS scores 2 and 3).
Results:
Prevalence of MI was higher in the severe intoxication group of acute CO poisoning (p<0.001). QTc was significantly prolonged in the MI group (p=0.007). However, no differences in other electrocardiographic parameters were observed between MI group and non-MI group.
Conclusion:
Myocardial injury was combined more frequently with a severe intoxication group of acute CO poisoning compared to a mild intoxication group. A specific feature of eletrocardiogram in myocardial injury with acute CO poisoning was a QTc prolongation.
Key words: Carbon monoxide, Cardiotoxicity, Electrocardiography, Arrhythmias, Cardiac
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