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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 26(4); 2015 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2015;26(4): 297-304.
Occupational Stress and Depressive Mood Among Interns and Residents; Relationship between Occupational Stress and Depressive Mood Among Interns and Residents in a Tertiary Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Keon- Kim1, Yoon Hee Choi1, Sun Hwa Lee2
1Department of Emergency Medicine, Ewha University, Seoul, Korea
2Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence  Sun Hwa Lee ,Tel: 02) 950-1118, Fax: 02) 938-4940, Email: sunhwa9@hanmail.net,
Received: May 27, 2015; Revised: May 28, 2015   Accepted: June 2, 2015.  Published online: August 31, 2015.
Occupational stress can have a negative effect on the worker such as physical, emotional, and psychological health. Although it is well reported that health service staff tend to have a high level of minor psychiatric disorder, only a few studies have been reported in Korea. Intern and Residency (residents) are very vulnerable periods of stress and other psychiatric disorders. In this study, we describe occupational stress of interns and residents and relationship between occupational stress and depression.
The participants of this study were interns and residents trained in a tertiary hospital in Korea. The occupational stress scale was used for measurement of occupational stress. In addition, the Korean version of the Beck depression scale was used to evaluate the prevalence of depression. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS v. 18.0; p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Female doctors showed higher occupational stress than male. Interns and chief residents demonstrated higher occupational stress than other grades. Astonishingly, most participants showed depressive mood. Compared with the general population, job demand and culture of the workplace are in the first upper quartile. It is indicated that compared with general populations, physicians have a higher workload and patience is required in order to cope with the harsh culture of the workplace. Depressive mood was evaluated with various factors and only occupational stress was statistically significant.
Overwhelming occupational stress of residents could result in both medical and social problems. Therefore, recognition of occupational stress is essential and aggressive interventions are required.
Key words: Professional burnout, Depression, Internship and residency
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