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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 26(4); 2015 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2015;26(4): 286-296.
119 구급대원의 직무관련 특성과 외상 후 스트레스가 직무만족도에 미치는 영향
최성수1,2, 한미아3, 박종3, 류소연3, 최성우3, 김해란4
1호원대학교 응급구조학과
2조선대학교 대학원 보건학과
3조선대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
4호남대학교 간호학과
Impact of Job-related Characteristics and Post-traumatic Stress on Job Satisfaction Among 119 Rescue Crews
Sung Soo Choi1,2, Mi Ah Han3, Jong Park3, So Yeon Ryu3, Seong-Woo Choi3, Hae-Ran Kim4
1Department of Emergency Medical Service, Howon University, Jeonbuk, Korea
2Department of Health Science, Graduate School of Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
3Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
4Department of Nursing, Honam University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence  Mi Ah Han ,Tel: 062) 230-6481, Fax: 062) 225-8293, Email: mahan@chosun.ac.kr,
Received: April 14, 2015; Revised: April 20, 2015   Accepted: July 15, 2015.  Published online: August 31, 2015.
ABSTRACT
Purpose:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of post-traumatic stress (PTS), job satisfaction, and associated factors with job satisfaction among 119 rescue crews.
Method:
The study subjects were 507 rescue crews who worked in G Metropolitan City and J province. General characteristics, job-related characteristics, PTS, and job satisfaction were collected by self-reported questionnaires via official e-mail. Job satisfaction by subjects' characteristics was tested using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple linear regression analysis.
Results:
Of 507 rescue crews, the overall PTS scores and job satisfaction score were 13.58±12.99 and 85.19±13.37, respectively. In multiple linear regression analyses, job satisfaction scores were significantly lower in subjects with fair (β=-3.53, 95% CI=-5.89~-1.17) or poor (β=-7.69, 95% CI=-11.67~-3.71) self-rated health and with longer duration of career (β=-3.53, 95% CI=-6.62~-0.44). Regarding rescue field related characteristics, witness injury of co-workers (β=-3.02, 95% CI=-5.61~-0.44), obvious dead treatment (β=-3.60, 95% CI=-6.37~-0.83), and PTS (β=-4.21, 95% CI=-7.56~-0.88) showed association with lower job satisfaction.
Conclusion:
Job satisfaction showed association with general characteristics, field related factors, and PTS. Risk reduction of rescue field and management of PTS will help to increase the job satisfaction of 119 rescue crews.
Key words: Emergency medical services, Job satisfaction, Stress disorders, Post-traumatic
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