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J Korean Soc Emerg Med > Volume 25(1); 2014 > Article
Journal of The Korean Society of Emergency Medicine 2014;25(1): 1-8.
The Relationship between EEG Findings and Prognosis in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients during Therapeutic Hypothermia
Gun Tak Lee, Ga Young Chung, Tae Rim Lee, Won Chul Cha, Tae Gun Shin, Min Seob Sim, Ik Joon Jo, Keun Jeong Song, Yeon Kwon Jeong
Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. minsub01.sim@samsung.com
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE:
Prediction of neurologic outcome in survivors after cardiac arrest is difficult. In particular, since therapeutic hypothermia has emerged as the standard treatment for post cardiac arrest syndrome, the prediction has been more difficult.
Method
for prediction of neurologic prognosis include the general neurologic examination, SSEPs, EEG, serum biomarkers, and so on. Among these, EEG was recommended for detection of non-convulsive seizure since early phase of post cardiac arrest syndrome. However, the relationship between EEG finding and neurologic outcome is not yet clear.
METHODS:
We conducted a retrospective observational study using a prospectively collected hypothermia database. We collected EEG findings during hypothermia and other data from January 2010 to December 2012. The EEG findings were classified according to five patterns as extremely low voltage, continuous slow wave, burst suppression, status epilepticus, and other. We analyzed the relationship between EEG pattern and one-month CPC score after cardiac arrest.
RESULTS:
During the study period, 121 patients were enrolled in the hypothermia database. Among these patients, 84 patients underwent EEG during hypothermia and were enrolled. The EEG patterns of enrolled patients were 20 extremely low voltage, 39 generalized slow wave, 15 burst suppression, 8 status epilepticus, and 2 alpha coma. None of the periodic, status eplilepticus, and alpha coma pattern patients showed a good neurologic outcome (CPC 1 or 2). Two of 20 extremely low voltage and 28 of 39 continuous slow wave pattern patients recovered to good neurologic outcome.
CONCLUSION:
Burst suppression and status epilepticus EEG pattern during hypothermia treatment showed an association with poor neurologic outcome.
Key words: Cardiac arrest, EEG, Induced hypothermia
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